|Grade Standard||Industrial Grade|
|Synonyms||Dimethyl Ketone,Dimethyl Carbonyl,Ketone Propane,2-propanone,beta-ketopropane|
|Odour||pungent and floral (mint-like)|
|Shelf life||2 to 5 years|
|Molecular Weight||58.08 g/mol|
|Melting Point||-94.7 DegreeC|
|Boiling Point||56.05 DegreeC|
|Solubility in water||Miscible|
|Vapor pressure||30.6 kPa (25 DegreeC)|
|Acidity||19.16 pKa (H2O)|
|Flash Point||-20 DegreeC|
|Ignition Temperature||465 DegreeC|
|Freezing Point||-95 DegreeC|
|Surface tension||25.2 mN/m|
|Thermal Conductivity||0.0115 W/m-K|
|Hazards||Highly flammable,causes eye irritation and dizziness|
|Precautions||Keep away from sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. Store in ventilated place.|
Acetone is the preferred solvent for most plastics and synthetic fibres including laboratory bottles made of polystyrene, polycarbonate and some types of polypropylene. It is used as a volatile component of some paints and varnishes
Despite being flammable, acetone can also be used extensively as a solvent for the safe transporting and storing of acetylene, which by itself, cannot be safely pressurized as a pure compound.
Acetone is used in medical and cosmetic applications(skin rejuvenation process in medical offices and medical spas) and is also listed as a component in food additives and food packaging. Since ancient times, people have been using chemexfoliation methods, also known as chemical peeling, to rejuvenate skin.
Acetone is used as a polar aprotic solvent in a variety of organic reactions, eg SN2 reactions. The use of acetone solvent is critical for the Jones’ oxidation. Acetone is a common solvent for use in laboratories because of its low cost and volatility, and as it does not form an azeotrope with water.
For artistic purposes, when applied on the reverse of a laser print/ photocopy placed face-down on another surface and burnished firmly, the toner of the image gets transferred to the destination surface.